Scope and meanings of the intergroup time bias in racialised social relations

Scope and meanings of the intergroup time bias in racialised social relations

Is it possible that people invest their time differently when they assess and make decisions about outgroup and ingroup members? If they do, which psychological variables are associated with this discrimination in the use of time? Importantly, what are the consequences of this discrimination regarding social inclusion?

Recently, we started a research line about the time people invest when forming impressions. Examining the problem from the perspective of intergroup relations, and considering time as a socially valued resource. We found that white participants spent more time judging white people than black people, which indicates a bias in time spent judging members of the ingroup and the outgroup. We called this effect "Intergroup Time Bias" (ITB), a psychological phenomenon characterized by the motivation to invest more time in evaluating and making decisions about ingroup than outgroup members. That is, the ITB is a form of implicit discrimination against black people.

The study of the meaning and consequences of ITB represents an innovation in social psychology. In fact, time as a socially valued resource has not yet been the object of in-depth study by social psychologists. Overcoming this gap is socially relevant because the ITB can have dramatic social consequences in diverse social life domains.

Thus, we propose to carry out eight studies to achieve the following objectives:

  • To determine whether ITB occurs in other social judgments besides impression formation. So, we will analyse ITB in medical diagnosis and in schools. In the medical context, we will study the time that physicians invest in the diagnosis of white and black patients, and elderly and middle aged people. In the school context, we will study whether teachers also invest more time when evaluating black and white students.
  • To analyse the psychosocial mechanisms underlying ITB. Specifically, the role of the aversion felt by white people towards black people as a mediator of the ITB effect. This hypothesis stems from previous studies on aversive racism. The hypothesis that mediation due to aversion only occurs when threat perception is activated will tested. In addition, a further study will analyse if the ITB is associated with depleting effects of spontaneous prejudice suppression.

 

Estatuto: 
Proponent entity
Financed: 
Yes
Entidades: 
Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia
Keywords: 

Bias, Prejudice, Threat, Discrimination

Is it possible that people invest their time differently when they assess and make decisions about outgroup and ingroup members? If they do, which psychological variables are associated with this discrimination in the use of time? Importantly, what are the consequences of this discrimination regarding social inclusion?

Recently, we started a research line about the time people invest when forming impressions. Examining the problem from the perspective of intergroup relations, and considering time as a socially valued resource. We found that white participants spent more time judging white people than black people, which indicates a bias in time spent judging members of the ingroup and the outgroup. We called this effect "Intergroup Time Bias" (ITB), a psychological phenomenon characterized by the motivation to invest more time in evaluating and making decisions about ingroup than outgroup members. That is, the ITB is a form of implicit discrimination against black people.

The study of the meaning and consequences of ITB represents an innovation in social psychology. In fact, time as a socially valued resource has not yet been the object of in-depth study by social psychologists. Overcoming this gap is socially relevant because the ITB can have dramatic social consequences in diverse social life domains.

Thus, we propose to carry out eight studies to achieve the following objectives:

  • To determine whether ITB occurs in other social judgments besides impression formation. So, we will analyse ITB in medical diagnosis and in schools. In the medical context, we will study the time that physicians invest in the diagnosis of white and black patients, and elderly and middle aged people. In the school context, we will study whether teachers also invest more time when evaluating black and white students.
  • To analyse the psychosocial mechanisms underlying ITB. Specifically, the role of the aversion felt by white people towards black people as a mediator of the ITB effect. This hypothesis stems from previous studies on aversive racism. The hypothesis that mediation due to aversion only occurs when threat perception is activated will tested. In addition, a further study will analyse if the ITB is associated with depleting effects of spontaneous prejudice suppression.

 

Parceria: 
Unintegrated
Leonel Garcia-Marques
Miguel Ramos

ITB

Coordenador 
Start Date: 
01/10/2018
End Date: 
30/09/2021
Active