The secret garden of politics: Candidates to Portuguese Legislature 1975-2019

The secret garden of politics: Candidates to Portuguese Legislature 1975-2019

Political parties have a pivotal role in candidate selection. According to Sartori (1976), the ability to select candidates is the distinctive trait of parties. In Portugal, political parties hold the monopoly of candidate selection. In practice, this means that parties hold the ex-ante power to select candidates, even before citizens express their preferences. Parties shape descriptive representative, that is, the presence in the legislature of a constellation of legislators who represent the social, economic, ethnic, and sexual orientation diversity. The candidate selection process operates as a black box, of which we only see the final outcome. This project contributes to the understanding of political parties and candidates, in line with previous efforts (see Freire 2009). However, our knowledge remains limited, which hinders our ability to unpack several analytical aspects, which constitute the core contribution of this project for the literature. First, this study allows us to understand the differences between successful and unsuccesful candidates. Second, we look at regional heterogeneity, that is, how district magnitude shapes the traits of candidates. Third, the projects taps the extent to which parties evolved over the past decades in the inclusiveness of minorities. The window of observation of the project includes all candidates from all parties since 1975 through today.

 

 

Estatuto: 
Proponent entity
Financed: 
Yes
Entidades: 
Fundação Francisco Manuel dos Santos (FFMS)
Keywords: 

candidates, political parties, legislatures, Portugal

Political parties have a pivotal role in candidate selection. According to Sartori (1976), the ability to select candidates is the distinctive trait of parties. In Portugal, political parties hold the monopoly of candidate selection. In practice, this means that parties hold the ex-ante power to select candidates, even before citizens express their preferences. Parties shape descriptive representative, that is, the presence in the legislature of a constellation of legislators who represent the social, economic, ethnic, and sexual orientation diversity. The candidate selection process operates as a black box, of which we only see the final outcome. This project contributes to the understanding of political parties and candidates, in line with previous efforts (see Freire 2009). However, our knowledge remains limited, which hinders our ability to unpack several analytical aspects, which constitute the core contribution of this project for the literature. First, this study allows us to understand the differences between successful and unsuccesful candidates. Second, we look at regional heterogeneity, that is, how district magnitude shapes the traits of candidates. Third, the projects taps the extent to which parties evolved over the past decades in the inclusiveness of minorities. The window of observation of the project includes all candidates from all parties since 1975 through today.

 

 

Parceria: 
Unintegrated
Coordenador 
Start Date: 
30/11/2018
End Date: 
29/11/2020
Duração: 
24 meses
Closed