Group Focused Enmity

Group Focused Enmity

This project is part of the research programme "Portuguese Social Attitudes" coordinated by Manuel Villaverde Cabral and Jorge Vala. The project Group-Focused Enmity in Europe (GFE) aims to analyse prejudice and its behavioural implications, regarding a diversified group of social groups, namely immigrants. The project started in the beginning of 2002 and is internationally coordinated by Wilhelm Heitmeyer (University of Bielefeld). Teams from the universities of Amsterdam, Grenoble, Paris, Budapest, Oxford and Lisbon are part of the project. The Portuguese research team is composed by Jorge Vala, Alice Ramos and Cícero Pereira. The project intends to study a group of underlying factors to the following forms of prejudice - racism, xenophobia, anti-semitism, islamophobia, sexism. Some of these factors, or independent variables, are social disintegration, relative deprivation, authoritarism, norms and social values, threat perception, among others. The project is currently in the process of designing and validating the questionnaire. In October 2006 a pre-test was carried out with the purpose of testing the validity of the selected indicators. The final questionnaire will be applied to a random probability sample of the population. The universe is composed by those living in the country that are 15 years or older, regardless of their nationality or legal situation.

Estatuto: 
Participant entity
Financed: 
No
Rede: 
GFE
Keywords: 

Relações intergrupais
Valores sociais
Discriminação
Preconceito

This project is part of the research programme "Portuguese Social Attitudes" coordinated by Manuel Villaverde Cabral and Jorge Vala. The project Group-Focused Enmity in Europe (GFE) aims to analyse prejudice and its behavioural implications, regarding a diversified group of social groups, namely immigrants. The project started in the beginning of 2002 and is internationally coordinated by Wilhelm Heitmeyer (University of Bielefeld). Teams from the universities of Amsterdam, Grenoble, Paris, Budapest, Oxford and Lisbon are part of the project. The Portuguese research team is composed by Jorge Vala, Alice Ramos and Cícero Pereira. The project intends to study a group of underlying factors to the following forms of prejudice - racism, xenophobia, anti-semitism, islamophobia, sexism. Some of these factors, or independent variables, are social disintegration, relative deprivation, authoritarism, norms and social values, threat perception, among others. The project is currently in the process of designing and validating the questionnaire. In October 2006 a pre-test was carried out with the purpose of testing the validity of the selected indicators. The final questionnaire will be applied to a random probability sample of the population. The universe is composed by those living in the country that are 15 years or older, regardless of their nationality or legal situation.

Objectivos: 
The Project on Group Focused Enmity (GFE) lead by a group of scholars from different European countries, was designed to make a contribution to answer the following questions: <br />1) is there a syndrome of group focused enmity?; <br />2) what kind of explanations at the individual, group and structural level can be offered to explain prejudice in contemporary European societies?. The study analyses a broad spectrum of group-focused enmity: racism, xenophobia, heterophobia, sexism, islamophobia, anti-Semitism.
State of the art: 
Resultados de v&aacute;rios inqu&eacute;ritos internacionais (e.g., ESS, ISSP, EVS) t&ecirc;m mostrado que a manifesta&ccedil;&atilde;o expl&iacute;cita de v&aacute;rias formas de preconceito e discrimina&ccedil;&atilde;o na Europa ainda persiste. <br />&Eacute; sabido que o autoritarismo explica atitudes xen&oacute;fobas e o anti-semitismo. De acordo, Heyder e Schmidt (2002), o favoritismo endogrupal ligado ao nacionalismo encontra-se associado ao anti-semitismo e a atitudes xen&oacute;fobas, assim como &agrave; islamofobia, enquanto que um patriotismo cr&iacute;tico tem tendencialmente um efeito atenuador destas atitudes. Por outro lado, os resultados de Wagner et al. (2002) revelam que, em determinadas condi&ccedil;&otilde;es, o contacto intercultural permite limitar a emerg&ecirc;ncia de atitudes discriminat&oacute;rias. <br />Apesar destas evid&ecirc;ncias, n&atilde;o foi criado, at&eacute; ao momento, um instrumento que permitisse analisar a manifesta&ccedil;&atilde;o de diferentes formas de preconceito e discrimina&ccedil;&atilde;o e os seus factores subjacentes, numa perspectiva comparativa entre diferentes pa&iacute;ses da Europa. O presente projecto pretende colmatar esta lacuna, e fornecer resultados empiricamente validados que sejam &uacute;teis na tomada de decis&otilde;es n&atilde;o s&oacute; por parte dos governos dos diferentes pa&iacute;ses, mas tamb&eacute;m ao n&iacute;vel da comiss&atilde;o europeia.
Alice Ramos
Coordenador 
Start Date: 
02/01/2005
End Date: 
01/12/2009
Duração: 
59 meses
Closed