The young Portuguese artists and their labor market

The young Portuguese artists and their labor market

This project consists of a research in sociology of art and culture, conducted as grounded as possible, and based on diverse empirical data. The objective of this study is to understand who the young Portuguese artists are and to examine the characteristics of their employment market in theatre, cinema, dance, music, and plastic arts. The general organization of this project follows three distinct, but interdependent, strategies of analysis: a data collection and statistical analysis, recent university graduates were chosen for the study sample; in-depth biographical interviews of the recent graduates; and thematic interviews of the individuals in charge of key institutions. Finally, a documental analysis of written material published by Ministries, unions and associations; and also, information collected from public official documents, standard statistical data and non-official sources of information, such as the press.

Estatuto: 
Participant entity
Financed: 
No
Keywords: 

systems of employment
artistic organizations
artistic professions
artistic labor market

This project consists of a research in sociology of art and culture, conducted as grounded as possible, and based on diverse empirical data. The objective of this study is to understand who the young Portuguese artists are and to examine the characteristics of their employment market in theatre, cinema, dance, music, and plastic arts. The general organization of this project follows three distinct, but interdependent, strategies of analysis: a data collection and statistical analysis, recent university graduates were chosen for the study sample; in-depth biographical interviews of the recent graduates; and thematic interviews of the individuals in charge of key institutions. Finally, a documental analysis of written material published by Ministries, unions and associations; and also, information collected from public official documents, standard statistical data and non-official sources of information, such as the press.

Objectivos: 
The most important objectives of this project are: <br />- To evaluate the new generation's contribution for artistic change in the domains of performance arts, music and plastic arts;<br />- To examine the evolution of artistic activity by new generations of art students;<br />- To evaluate their socialization patterns and their entrance to the job market;<br />- To describe their educational background and non-professional learning experiences in arts;<br />- To understand the value of their early work as the learning grounds for the fostering of experience and work related competences; <br />- To discuss the ways the students connect with the working environment, through their professors and through the students' active work strategies;<br />- To evaluate their ways of working and the efficiencies of their public cultural policies. <br />Once these objectives are met, it will be possible to:<br />- Understand the social characteristics and work conditions of young artists in Portugal;<br />- Conduct a preliminary study on young artists and on the present characteristics of their job market;<br />- Systematically examine the success of public cultural policies aimed at sponsoring young artists' careers;<br />- The previous stated objectives will lead to the presentation of a final study comparing the results from prior studies.
State of the art: 
&nbsp; The main theoretical framework of the present research program follows the path of earlier works and empirical research conducted by a wide array of American, English, French and Portuguese authors: Eliot Freidson, Howard Becker, Raymonde Moulin, Pierre-Michel Menger, Charles Gadea, Victor Ginsburgh, Neil O. Alper, Gregory H. Wassall. &nbsp;In Portugal, the attention is focused on the works coordinated by Maria de Lourdes Lima dos Santos (2003), Jo&atilde;o Ferreira de Almeida (et al., 2003), Jos&eacute; Machado Pais (1995, 1999), V&iacute;tor S&eacute;rgio Ferreira (et al., 1999), in order to quote just some of the parties and authors involved in several studies and research paths of the Observat&oacute;rio Permanente da Juventude (Continuous Youth Observatory). Furthermore, this research project also welcomed the contribution of the most recent, national and foreign studies in fields such as theatre, dance, cinema, sculpture, painting, plastic arts, architecture, and music. To conduct the present research project it is important to develop a sociological perspective close to the artist, close to his or hers learning and risk management processes, aware of the conditions the artist has available to grow as a professional, to create works of art, to build up knowledge, to follow innovative and original paths. With this in mind, this project aims at: analysing the different individual career paths of young artists- the way they appear, disappear or grow in the art world- and their collective fate in the job market; observing how traditional and innovative practices and rules cross; how the various paths merge or reorganize, while others spring up, coexist and contribute for the redefinition of the boundaries of the various artistic worlds. And also: how the young artists search for new styles, and how they associate or disassociate with other artists, to sum it up: how they create their professional and aesthetic identities.In general, the present study seeks to examine who the young artists are, the way their job market operates and at identifying the main grounds leading to the segmentation of the latter such as: the new generations, different personal experiences, technical and technological evolution, the &quot;invasion&quot; of other artistic worlds, new activities and division of labour, or new universes of speech. By this, while studying the job market of young artists, one understands the chances for their careers and recognizes how the job market determines the set of opportunities for new artists and how they develop their careers in Portugal.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; In particular, this research project also describes, on one hand, the organization and internal operation of the job market for the different art worlds, their networks of cooperation, division of work and forms of competition; and on the other hand, it outlines the conditions that individuals face while entering and adapting to the job market, the way they mobilize their personal resources and technical abilities, and also their patterns of organization inside the artistic job market itself.
Pierre-Michel Menger
Charles Gadea
Coordenador 
Start Date: 
01/10/2007
End Date: 
01/11/2009
Duração: 
25 meses
Closed