Validation of everyday knowledge: moderators and consequences of the heterogeneity norm

Validation of everyday knowledge: moderators and consequences of the heterogeneity norm

In everyday life people create and share knowledge about objects, individuals and situations. Individuals, however, do not only share knowledge. They are also concerned with the reliability or validity of the knowledge they share; and the ways through which they experience the feeling of truth might be considered one of the fundamental dimensions of cultural life (Kluckhohn, 1951) and can be associated with epistemic needs.

In this context, this research addresses the following question: What kind of informational cues are used in the process of validity attribution to knowledge obtained in social interaction? Following Festinger, Social Psychology has been highlighting the role of consensus on the process of validation of everyday knowledge. In previous studies, and following other authors, we run experiments to test the hypothesis that heterogeneity of those that share a given knowledge is also fundamental in its validation (Vala et al, 1998; Lopes, Vala, Garcia-Marques, 2007

In the present project, we intend to advance our knowledge of the heterogeneity norm studying its moderators and its impact on prejudice validation. Concerning the study of heterogeneity moderators, we will analyse the effect of the individualistic (self-group independence) or collectivistic (self-group interdependence) group contexts and the effects of its articulation with the facilitation of an epistemic motivation.

For more information, please see: Vala et al (1998) Social Science Information or Lopes, Vala & Garcia-Marques (2007). Group Dynamics: theory, Research and Practice.

This project is funded by FCT.

Estatuto: 
Participant entity
Financed: 
Yes
Keywords: 

Validation of everyday knowledge; heterogeneity; consensus; social comparison

In everyday life people create and share knowledge about objects, individuals and situations. Individuals, however, do not only share knowledge. They are also concerned with the reliability or validity of the knowledge they share; and the ways through which they experience the feeling of truth might be considered one of the fundamental dimensions of cultural life (Kluckhohn, 1951) and can be associated with epistemic needs.

In this context, this research addresses the following question: What kind of informational cues are used in the process of validity attribution to knowledge obtained in social interaction? Following Festinger, Social Psychology has been highlighting the role of consensus on the process of validation of everyday knowledge. In previous studies, and following other authors, we run experiments to test the hypothesis that heterogeneity of those that share a given knowledge is also fundamental in its validation (Vala et al, 1998; Lopes, Vala, Garcia-Marques, 2007

In the present project, we intend to advance our knowledge of the heterogeneity norm studying its moderators and its impact on prejudice validation. Concerning the study of heterogeneity moderators, we will analyse the effect of the individualistic (self-group independence) or collectivistic (self-group interdependence) group contexts and the effects of its articulation with the facilitation of an epistemic motivation.

For more information, please see: Vala et al (1998) Social Science Information or Lopes, Vala & Garcia-Marques (2007). Group Dynamics: theory, Research and Practice.

This project is funded by FCT.

Objectivos: 
<p>This project aims to clarify the processes that contribute to the validation of everyday knowledge. This project hypothesizes that heterogeneity of those that sustain a form of knowledge is an important cue for its validation. Our previous studies showed empirical evidence for the accuracy of this hypothesis. We intend to foster these results through the study of the moderators of heterogeneity functionality. We also intend to analyse the effects of the heterogeneity norm on the validation of prejudice against racialized groups. Future studies will analyse the mediators of the functional role of heterogeneity and will explore the role of heterogeneity in the context of the validation of political knowledge.</p>
Diniz Lopes
Jacques-Philipe Leyens
Leonel Garcia-Marques
Dominique Oberlé
Ewa Drozda-Senkowska
Coordenador 
Start Date: 
01/12/2004
End Date: 
01/12/2009
Duração: 
60 meses
Closed