The social development of human values in childhood and early adolescence

The social development of human values in childhood and early adolescence

The European population faces multiple challenges when integrating social and cultural diversity with cross-generational impact, both nationally and regarding relations between different countries. Mapping the prevalence and expression of basic human values in societies becomes a pressing issue. Simultaneously, we aim to analyse the role of values in the formation of representations of justice and attitudes towards different social groups (age, gender, nationality, etc.), as well as in terms of personal growth and well-being. Transnational research in these fields is not only needed in order to clarify scientific knowledge about the development and relationship between these factors but can also inform national and European public policies aimed at creating more inclusive societies. The European Social Survey (ESS), begun in 2002, is an example of this type of research having, simultaneously, fundamental and applied potential. However, scientific studies have focused exclusively on adolescents, neglecting the perspective of the younger generations. Given that the formation and development of basic human values, representations of justice and social attitudes begin in childhood and are culturally informed, it is vital to carry out transnational research with this area of the population.

The project seeks to respond to this need by proposing to map the basic human values of children and young adolescents (6-14 years), and their association with other central factors, for a better understanding of the current and future dynamics of inclusion and exclusion in the European area. The project will also allow us to analyze the role of socialization processes in a family context in forming and developing human values. The project will be carried out in Portugal and other European countries, and will involve the administration of a short questionnaire to children living in households selected through the ESS9 sample (2018/19) (with the informed consent of the parents or guardians of each child). The team will bring together specialists from ICS-ULisboa, ISCTE-IUL and institutions from partner countries in the field of sociology and social development psychology researching into children and young people.

This team will be responsible for sample delineation, creating the questionnaire and the interview protocol and, finally, for the analysis, discussion and publication of the results obtained.

This project will, therefore, make a fundamental contribution to advancing the state-of-the-art about the formation and development of human values in children and young people, as well as the role of culture in this process, from an international and interdisciplinary comparative perspective.

 

 

Estatuto: 
Proponent entity
Financed: 
Yes
Entidades: 
Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia
Keywords: 

Childhood, Human Values, Cross-cultural studies, Longitudinal studies

The European population faces multiple challenges when integrating social and cultural diversity with cross-generational impact, both nationally and regarding relations between different countries. Mapping the prevalence and expression of basic human values in societies becomes a pressing issue. Simultaneously, we aim to analyse the role of values in the formation of representations of justice and attitudes towards different social groups (age, gender, nationality, etc.), as well as in terms of personal growth and well-being. Transnational research in these fields is not only needed in order to clarify scientific knowledge about the development and relationship between these factors but can also inform national and European public policies aimed at creating more inclusive societies. The European Social Survey (ESS), begun in 2002, is an example of this type of research having, simultaneously, fundamental and applied potential. However, scientific studies have focused exclusively on adolescents, neglecting the perspective of the younger generations. Given that the formation and development of basic human values, representations of justice and social attitudes begin in childhood and are culturally informed, it is vital to carry out transnational research with this area of the population.

The project seeks to respond to this need by proposing to map the basic human values of children and young adolescents (6-14 years), and their association with other central factors, for a better understanding of the current and future dynamics of inclusion and exclusion in the European area. The project will also allow us to analyze the role of socialization processes in a family context in forming and developing human values. The project will be carried out in Portugal and other European countries, and will involve the administration of a short questionnaire to children living in households selected through the ESS9 sample (2018/19) (with the informed consent of the parents or guardians of each child). The team will bring together specialists from ICS-ULisboa, ISCTE-IUL and institutions from partner countries in the field of sociology and social development psychology researching into children and young people.

This team will be responsible for sample delineation, creating the questionnaire and the interview protocol and, finally, for the analysis, discussion and publication of the results obtained.

This project will, therefore, make a fundamental contribution to advancing the state-of-the-art about the formation and development of human values in children and young people, as well as the role of culture in this process, from an international and interdisciplinary comparative perspective.

 

 

Objectivos: 
The literature review briefly accounts for how much we have learned from studying basic human values, and its antecedents and consequences, in adulthood. We have also discussed the potential of expanding our knowledge about the development of basic human values in childhood and adolescence. More specifically, we aimed to show that research on the development of values in younger populations, particularly adopting comprehensive values frameworks (e.g., Theory of Basic Human Values), is very recent, and focused on some key, but rather restricted, aspects, such as the organizational structure of values and the way children prioritize different values. In this context, we pointed out the existence of virtually no evidence on the outcomes of children and adolescents? basic human values. CLAVE proposes to address this limitation by mapping in Portugal and other European countries the basic human values of children and young adolescents (6-14 years) and studying their impact on children?s feelings of personal growth and well-being in the family and in the school contexts, and doing so while considering both perceived and objective indicators of social and academic inclusion. Alongside, CLAVE also aims to address the impact of values on representations of justice and attitudes towards different social groups (age, gender, nationality, etc.). This should provide the field with a better understanding of the current and future dynamics of inclusion and exclusion in the European area. This is particularly relevant if we consider the increasing levels of diversity and mobility in a globalized Europe and the pressing challenges for integrating social and cultural diversity while assuring the younger generations are given an active role and a voice. CLAVE proposes to take a transnational research approach to be able to determine the extent to which the formation and development of basic human values in childhood and adolescence is culturally informed, but also to identify the findings perimeter of generalizability and their value to inform both national and European public policies aimed at creating more inclusive societies. The European Social Survey (ESS) that started in 2002 provides an example of the research perspective that CLAVE aims to pursue where both fundamental and applied questions are addressed. In our literature review we also highlighted that despite several studies having examined the role of socialization processes on the onset and development of children?s values, assessing in a systematized was the relative contribution of different reference groups and the consequences for children of being faced with conflicting influences has not been studied yet. Hence, CLAVE proposes to study the relative influences of the family and peers/friends in the formation of children and adolescents? basic human values, and to what extent are these influences conflicting and perceived by the child/ adolescent as such. This will allow us to develop a more integrated understanding of the socialization processes involved in the formation and development of basic human values, but also the consequences of conflicting influences to children?s feelings of personal growth and well-being, and their degree of social and academic inclusion. In a similar vein, CLAVE will also advance our knowledge about family and peers/friends? relative influence on children and adolescents? representations of justice and their attitudes towards different social groups (age, gender, nationality, etc.), and the mediating role of values. This knowledge should inform the design of public policies and interventions aiming to promote positive social attitudes and the inclusion of social diversity in the school context. It can also inform about the potential efficacy of value-based intervention ? that can be indirect and comprehensive ? compared to existing interventions that are typically more direct and limited in their scope to one social domain (age, ethnicity, nationality, etc.).

CLAVE

Coordenador 
Start Date: 
01/10/2018
End Date: 
30/09/2021
Active