Seminário SPARC "Real people or mere numbers? The influence of kill-save ratios and identifiability on moral judgments”
We will be hearing a presentation of and discussing a paper by Rui Costa-Lopes, André Mata and Cristina Mendonça, entitled "Real people or mere numbers? The influence of kill-save ratios and identifiability on moral judgments”.
Here’s the abstract:
In moral dilemmas, decision-making can be based on more utilitarian or deontological reasoning. In a classical trolley dilemma, the indecision lies between choosing to sacrifice one person to save five (utilitarian decision) vs. not sacrificing a human life in any circumstances (deontological decision). In two experimental studies, we manipulated the number of people to be sacrificed (1 to save 5 vs. 3 to save 5) and whether personalizing information about them was presented. Results provide the first evidence of how the importance of kill-save ratios and identifiability of the potential victims are contingent on one another. Specifically, this research shows that when individuating information about the potential victims is present in a trolley dilemma, participants are more reluctant to sacrifice three persons to save five than to sacrifice one person to save five. When such individuating information is nor present, the acceptability of sacrificing the victims does not depend on their number.
Paper attached. Zoom link below.
Tópico: Sparc Meeting
Hora: 29 out 2020 02:30 PM Lisboa
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ID da reunião: 858 5460 2406
Senha de acesso: 434235