With the thesis Immigrant Associations, Integration and Identity: Angolan, Brazilian and Eastern European Communities in Portugal (published by Amsterdam University Press, 2009), João Sardinha received his DPhil degree in Migration Studies in 2008 from the University of Sussex. Since having earned his DPhil, he has held various research posts and affiliations at research centres in Portugal, including the Centre of Social Studies (CES), University of Coimbra; Centre for the Study of Migrations and Intercultural Relations (CEMRI), Open University and Institute of Geography and Spatial Planning (IGOT), University of Lisbon. He has carried out research on such topics as immigrant associations and political participation, migrant descendant and ancestral homeland return migration, children of emigrants in the Portuguese diaspora, lifestyle migrants in rural areas, and economic crisis and mobility. To carry out this work, he received funding from the European Commission, Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT I&D), International Council for Canadian Studies and the IMISCOE Network of Excellency. Presently he is an an invited researcher fellow on the ERC Advanced Grant project COLOUR: The Colour of Labour. The Racialised Lives of Migrants, coordinated by Cristiana Bastos.